MALS Indigenous Language Resources Compendia

From its inception, MALS has collected various Indigenous language resources in order to make them available to practitioners and to provide an overview of existing language practices. These resources are updated on an ongoing basis and categorized under the following headings:

Educational Resources for Teachers and Learners - There is an abundance of educational resources dedicated to the preservation of Indigenous languages. These range from formal textbooks, to community developed learning materials, to audio video resources, and computer software. This compendium in particular is updated on a continual basis as new resources are identified.

Language Acts - In recent years, many communities have developed Language Acts in an effort to provide legislative support to existing language preservation initiatives.  A language act is essentially a statement which endorses the use of a particular indigenous language as the primary language of communication for a given community, group, or Nation.

Statistics on Indigenous Languages - The National Household Survey and other statistical studies provide insight into the state of Indigenous languages at the national, provincial, and local level. These surveys index factors such as the primary language spoken in the home, the ability to converse in an Indigenous language, and the incidence of Indigenous languages as mother tongues.

Provincial and Territorial Indigenous Language Initiatives – Certain provincial and territorial governments have developed various reports and initiatives related to the revitalization of their respective Indigenous languages. While few of these have been officially legislated, most offer a road map outlining possible revitalization efforts.

Second Language Acquisition Research - Second language acquisition research focuses on the process of second language acquisition, regardless of the language being learned. These studies provide valuable insight, and outline successful strategies and approaches which Indigenous language instructors and learners may not be familiar with. The Pimsleur approach, for example, is widely used as a methodology promoting rapid second language fluency, and its tenets could easily be adapted for use in any Indigenous language program.

Academic Theses and Dissertations Related to Specific Indigenous Languages - There are a wealth of theses and dissertations focused on various aspects of Indigenous languages. From local revitalization efforts, to innovative instructional approaches, to variations in dialects within particular languages, academic research is a readily available, but underutilized resource.

Annotated Bibliographies and Literature Reviews - As the field of Indigenous language literature is so vast and ever-evolving, literature reviews, and area-specific annotated bibliographies are useful research tools. Manitoba Aboriginal Languages Annotated Bibliography (Adobe PDF Icon PDF)


Manitoba Aboriginal Languages Strategy Survey (Adobe PDF Icon PDF)


Indigenous Language Teacher Training Program (ILTTP) – Phase 1 (Adobe PDF Icon PDF)

Aboriginal Language Teacher Education Program (ALTEP) – Phase 2 (Adobe PDF Icon PDF)